What is Perseid Meteor Shower? How To Watch?

On August 12th, the Perseid meteor shower will become visible as the Earth traverses through the most densely populated remnants of the trails left behind by comet Swift-Tuttle. NASA meteor scientist Bill Cooke mentioned to the Associated Press, “If you’ve got nice clear weather and a good dark sky, you go out just before dawn and you’ll see a Perseid per minute or so.”

According to NASA, the Perseid meteor shower holds the distinction of causing a postponement of a Space Shuttle launch. For instance, in 1993, the NASA STS-51 launch had to be rescheduled due to apprehensions about the intensity of the Perseid meteor shower’s behavior. The projected high density of meteors raised concerns, as even a small fragment of debris posed a potential risk of damaging a spacecraft in Earth’s orbit.

The Perseid meteor shower is frequently regarded as the most impressive meteor shower of the year. This reputation is attributed to its elevated meteor rates and the enjoyable late-summer weather conditions. the Perseid meteor shower will have the best view in the Northern Hemisphere.

What is Perseid Meteor Shower?

The Perseid meteor shower is one of the most well-known and highly anticipated annual meteor showers. It occurs when the Earth passes through the debris left behind by the comet Swift-Tuttle. This debris consists of tiny particles and bits of dust that were shed by the comet as it orbits the Sun. When these particles enter the Earth’s atmosphere and burn up due to friction with the air, they create bright streaks of light in the sky, commonly referred to as “shooting stars” or meteors.

The Perseid meteor shower is named after the constellation Perseus, from which the meteors appear to radiate. This radiant point is the spot in the sky from which the meteors seem to originate, although they can actually be seen all across the night sky. The shower typically peaks around mid-August, and during its peak, observers can witness a higher-than-average number of meteors per hour.

The Perseid meteor shower is popular among stargazers because it tends to produce a relatively high number of bright meteors, and the event often coincides with warm summer nights, making it a comfortable and enjoyable activity for people to observe. To view the Perseid meteor shower, it’s best to find a dark location away from city lights and allow your eyes some time to adjust to the darkness. Simply looking up at the sky and being patient can lead to witnessing some spectacular celestial displays.

When and how to watch Perseid Meteor Shower?

The Perseid meteor shower typically occurs annually from late July to mid-August, with its peak activity usually happening around August 12th. During this time, the meteor shower produces a higher number of meteors per hour, making it an ideal period to observe.

Heading NASA’s Meteoroid Environment Office, Bill Cooke mentioned, “People in the US can reasonably expect to see around 40 Perseids in the hour just before dawn on the peak nights. That’s about one every couple of minutes, which is not bad.” He appended that this can be observed in rural areas distanced from urban centers and residential districts. As outlined by NASA, the more illuminated skies of suburban regions substantially diminish the meteor rates, with an estimation of 10 or fewer meteors anticipated within an hour.

The meteor shower for this year is presently in motion, with the highlight anticipated over the upcoming weekend as it culminates from Saturday night to Sunday morning. Commencing approximately at 11 pm local time on Saturday, a small number of meteors will begin to become visible, perhaps at a rate of one every 15 minutes, as per Cooke’s estimation. Additionally, he remarked, “The pace will gradually accelerate until the early hours of Sunday when meteors will manifest across the entire sky.”

Optimal viewing of the Perseid meteor shower is achieved in the Northern Hemisphere, requiring clear and dark skies.

Remember that meteor showers are natural events, and while the Perseids are known for their higher activity, the exact number of meteors you’ll see can vary. Enjoy the experience of watching the night sky and the occasional spectacular meteor streaking across it.